Naga Framework Agreement 2015


R. N. Ravi, an interlocutor in the Naga talks, told the committee that it was an abandonment of his previous position “with India, not within India” and that the government called it a framework agreement and signed it. This is the first time that the details of the agreement signed on 3 August 2015 at the residence of Prime Minister Narendra Modi are known. This follows a copy of the 2015 agreement, allegedly circulated by Ravi among some Naga civilian groups. The NSCN IM Group stated that Ravi had itself optimized the 2015 framework agreement. In making the FA public, the NSCN stressed that Ravi had “doctored” the original agreement and that he may therefore have acted beyond the New Delhi mission and that he had to be withdrawn because he had broken his self-confidence. But it`s definitely about more. In 1997, the NSCN (I-M) signed a ceasefire agreement with the government. [3] The agreement ensured that, although the government did not put pressure on counterinsurgency operations against the NSCN (I-M) team and its leaders, the rebels would not target the armed forces. In 2015, with the Narendra Modi government firmly in power and Prime Minister Modi insisting on a quick solution to the conflict, a framework agreement was signed, which laid the groundwork for the ongoing peace talks. Similarly, some of Naga`s leading civil society organizations, including the Organization of Naga Peoples Of the East (ENPO), Naga Tribes Council (NTC), Against Corruption and Unabated Taxation (ACAUT) and Zeliangrong Baudi (based in Manipur), denounced the framework of the talks.

The growing dominance of NSCN-IM in Longding, Tirap and Changlang in Arunachal Pradesh has provoked strong reactions from local authorities in these districts, who are not currently willing to be part of the proposed agreement. Muivah accused Ravi of undermining the Naga peace process by saying the 2015 agreement implied the promise of shared sovereignty, and the peace process is in shaken. However, in some quarters, this could also be seen as an effect of the Article 370 move to Jammu and Kashmir. For five years, the two sides did not sign the formal agreement. In an apparent move that emerged from the central government`s frustration – on the basis of a larger mandate for the Modi government in the 2019 elections in Lok Sabha — Ravi announced October 31 as the deadline for approving the peace deal. The agreement, published by NSCN-IM, called for “sovereign power sharing” and provides for a “sustainable relationship, including a new relationship of peaceful coexistence between the two entities.” However, it is unlikely that the NSCN IM group will be able to take up arms on a large scale, given that they do not have a combat team after the 1997 ceasefire agreement. The political attitude of the state has changed a great deal and support for Muivah has diminished over the years in Nagaland. Other Naga groups have reacted differently to the ongoing peace negotiations between the GOI and the NSCN-IM. The National Socialist Council of Nagaland Khaplang (NSCN-K) has rejected any form of confrontation with the GoI and continues its acts of violence.

The National Socialist Council of Nagaland Khitovi-Neokpao (NSCN-NC) considers the current process to be a settlement only for the Nagas of Manipur and not for the Nagas of Nagaland.

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