Who Benefited From The Sykes Picot Agreement


In Syria, physical and human devastation undermines the prospects of a viable state for years to come. The statistics are almost incomprehensible: more than half of the population needs humanitarian assistance to achieve this during the day. About 3 million children do not go to school, out of a population of 22 million. In addition to a damning number of deaths, 1.5 million people have been injured or permanently disabled. Life expectancy has fallen by 15 years since the start of the civil war in 2011. Nearly one in five citizens has fled the country. You may not have an incentive to come back. Physical destruction amounts to at least two hundred and fifty billion dollars, in a state the size of Washington. And it goes up every day. The Arabs regarded McMahon`s promise as a formal agreement that could have been.

Among the borders proposed by Hussein was Palestine. But this area was not explicitly mentioned in the McMahon-Hussein correspondence. The agreement is seen by many as a turning point in Western and Arab relations. She denied the promises made by the United Kingdom to the Arabs[9] concerning a national Arab homeland in the region of Syria in exchange for British support for the Ottoman Empire. The agreement was made public with others on 23 November 1917 in Moscow by the Bolsheviks[10] and repeated on 26 November 1917 in the British Guardian, so that “the British were displaced, the Arabs appalled and the Turks happy.” [11] [12] [13] The legacy of the agreement has caused too much discontent in the region, particularly among the Denarabern, but also among the Kurds, who were denied an independent state. [14] [15] [17] One hundred years ago, on 16 May, Britain and France signed a secret agreement to carve the carcass of the ruined Ottoman Empire, which became a slogan in the Middle East for imperialist cranial dumping – the Sykes-Picot agreement. The agreement effectively divided the Ottoman provinces outside the Arabian Peninsula into territories of control and influence of the United Kingdom and France. The countries controlled by Great Britain and France were divided by the Sykes-Picot line.

[5] The agreement that gave Britain control of present-day southern Israel and Palestine, Jordan and southern Iraq, as well as another small area including the ports of Haifa and Acre, to allow access to the Mediterranean. [6] [7] [8] France should control southeastern Turkey, northern Iraq, Syria and Lebanon. [8] In accordance with the agreement, France should exercise direct control over Cilicia, the coastal strip of Syria, Lebanon and most of Galilee, up to the line that stretches from northern Acre to the northwest corner of Lake Galilee (“blue zone”). To the east, in the Syrian hinterland, an Arab state (“Area A”) should be created under the protection of France. Britain should exercise control of southern Mesopotamia (“red zone”) and the area around the acre-Haifa bay in the Mediterranean, with right rights to build a railway from there to Baghdad. The area east of the Jordan River and the Negev desert south of the road, which stretches from Gaza to the Dead Sea, has been attributed to an Arab state under the protection of the United Kingdom (“Area B”). France`s “blue zone” in the area that includes the Sanjak of Jerusalem and extends southward to the line from Gaza to the Dead Sea, should be under international administration (“brown zone”).

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